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The Complete History of Islam - Civilization of the Arabian Jahiliyah Society


Kaffahna.com - The history of Islam as a divine religion has a very long history from the time it was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu Alaihi Wassalam. Some scholars divide Islamic history into several phases, starting from the Arabic phase of the Jahiliyah Society, the phase of Islamic Civilization during the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam, the phase of Islamic Civilization during the Khulafa Ar'Rasyidin, the phase of Islamic Civilization entered the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties, followed by the phase of Islamic civilization in several countries such as Spain, Southeast Asia and Indonesia.

Islamic History - Phase of the Civilization of the Arab Society of Jahiliyah

The Arabic phase of Jahiliyah is the initial phase which became the starting point for the development of Islam in the world. The Arabian Peninsula has long been famous for its barren territory, consisting only of deserts and very hot. Geologists estimate that the Arabian Peninsula was once a vast desert stretching from the Sahara desert in Africa to the Gobi desert in central Asia. The Arabian Peninsula is even claimed to be the warmest and driest land on the face of the earth.


Based on genealogy, the Arabs were descended from the Smith people (one of the descendants of Noah's prophet) who were also allied with the Babylonians, Ashurians, Hebrews, Phunissia, Chaldeans, Arran and Hasbisy. In terms of heredity and previous historical periods, Arab historians divided the Arabs into two major groups namely the Baidah Arabs and Baqiyah Arabs.

Arab Nation

The Baidah Arabs are Arabs who have long been extinct and are almost hard to find a history and other relics associated with it. Information about the Arab Nation is generally only written on various scriptures and classical Arabic poems. Some of the names of the Baidah Arabs listed in the Koran are 'Ad and Thamud. These nations have been destroyed by Allah Almighty because of their disobedience to the Shari'ah guidance given to the prophets in their time.

Arab Baqiyah

Baqiyah Arabs were Arabs who became the forerunners of the Arabs today and were divided into two major groups namely the Arabs' Aribah and the Musta'riah Arabs (also called Muta'ribah).

The Arabs' Aribah is a nation of Yemeni descent (sometimes also called Yamaniyah).

While the Arabs Musta'ribah are descended from the prophet Ismail Alaihis Salam bin Ibrahim Alaihis Salam. Sometimes called Ismailiyah. This nation is called Musta'ribah because Ismail Alaihis Salam is not of Arab descent. but Hebrew descendants born and raised in Mecca.

Arabic religion

In the days before Islam was revealed, most Arabs were idol worshipers. Although there were also some Arabs who lived in the Hijaz (the name for the Arabian region which included Makkah, Yatsrib, Thaif and its surroundings) had beliefs that originated from 3 major religions at that time, namely Jews (brought by Musa Alaihis Salam), Christians ( carried by Isa Alaihis Salam) and Majusi (brought by Zaratustra).


Historians say that in the time of Arab Jahiliyah, the majority of the population could be connoted as having barbarism. In this case, the Jahiliyah Arabs tend to be uncivilized, rude, and have a variety of bad habits such as killing girls because they are considered unlucky, seizing food by doing war between khabilah, drinking intoxicating (khamer), gambling and adultery .

In addition, of the many arts that are glorified by the Arabs, poetry is the most beautiful and highly valued art. At that time a poet who was able to say beautiful poetry had a very high position in society. Even in their eyes, the poems were more noble in defending their tribes compared to swords and spears.

Economy of the Jahiliyah Arab Nation


Trade is the main economic wheel of the Arab Jahiliyah nation. At that time they were accustomed to trading to the land of Syria (the plains ranging from Jordan in the south to Syria in the north) and China (China). In conducting trade into the land of Sham, the Arab Jahiliyah generally traveled long distances in several trade caliphs.


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