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Moslem Knowledge - Akidah Definition - The word akidah or i'tiqod is derived from the word al kata aqdu which means easy to understand, strong, and close. General words, words of faith, directives that will strengthen, without any doubt. If it is in accordance with the existing reality then this creed is true, but if it is not appropriate then the creed is false.

Every adherent of a religion has a certain creed. But the truth of the creed only exists in Islam. Because he is sourced from the Omniscient One, namely Allah Ta'ala. There is no difference between the creed brought by the prophets from time to time.

Like a false creed, complete all creeds that conflict with revelation. That is the creed which only comes from human reason, or is requested from revelation but is changed and distorted. Like the faith of the Jews that Uzair is a child of God, or the faith of the Nashronis is also still a child of God, or a faithful Shia creed, that is, God who asks for will, which is called akada bada '.

In syar'i resolution, aqeedah in Islamic religion needs a scientific problem that comes from Allah and his Prophet, which is required for every Muslim to believe it as a justification for Allah and His Prophet.

Although the word aqidah in this case is a new term that is unknown in the Qur'an and Sunnah, the scholars use this term. Which shows the ability to use this term. After all, there is no problem in using the term if the meaning is translated.

Among the scholars who use this term is Imam Al Laalakaai (418 H) in his book Syarhul ushul I'tiqod ahlu sunnah wal jama'ah, then Imam As Shobuni (449 H) in his book Aqidas Salaf Ashaabul Hadith.

The next term which means the creed is also used by the scholars, as:

Al Fiqhul Akbar

At the beginning of the word jurisprudence which helped him about Islam in general, and especially science related to the hereafter, problems of the heart, the destroyer of charity and so on.7 This way of starting changed the knowledge of the sya'i practical dhohir law now known as the science of jurisprudence.

Believe that the science of Jurisprudence in the past encompasses all religious knowledge both the science of faith which affects the heart as well as the science of the laws that apply zahir. From this then came the term Fiqhul Akbar who issued the creed. Because the science of faith is greater than the science of the branches of zahir laws which are Fiqhul Ashghor.

The scholar who first used this term was Abu Hanifah (150 H) in his book Al Fiqhul Akbar. He said, "Al Fiqhul Akbar in religion is better than jurisprudence in science, someone's faqih on how to worship for Rabb, is better than meeting all knowledge"

Al Faith

In Tashdiq (justification) 11 and Al Iqroor (determination). Faith is the justification and determination and submission to truth originating from revelation. And the scholars agree that the strengths and actions, the strengthening of the heart and oral, the actions of the heart and limbs.14

The term faith is the word most often understood in the Qur'an as well as sunnah. Among the scholars who use this term are Ibn Mandah (395 H) in his book Kitabul Iman, and Syaikhul Islam Ibnu Taimiyah (728 AH) also in two books namely Al Iman Ausath and Al Imanul Kabir, then also Imam Bukhori in S-for making the chapter at the beginning is called the book of the faith

As Sunnah

The word sunnah has various meanings depending on the respective disciplines. In the science of sunnah fiqh is a thing that if done gets reward, and if allowed it's okay. In the science of ushul fiqh assunnah the sources of revelation after the Qur'an. In the science of hadith assunnah is a synonym of the faith, and so on. Sometimes sunnah is also used as the antithesis of the word bid'ah. But then many scholars who use the term sunnah are shown to the meaning of the creed because of the urgency of the creed which is the subject of Islamic religion. Among the scholars who use the term sunnah is Imam Ahlus Sunnah Ahmad bin Hambal (327 H) in the Sunnah book and Imam Al Barbahaari (329 H) in the book Shari'a Sunnah.

At Tawhid

The word monotheism is found in the hadith Mu'adz when sent to the above times. Among the scholars who use this word is Ibn Khuzaimah (311 H) in the Book of Tawheed Wa Itsbaatu Shifaatir Rabb 'Azza Wa Jalla, also Imam Al Maqriizi (845 H) in his book Tajridut Tauhid Al Mufid, and Shaykhul Islam Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab (1206 H) H) in the Book of Tawheed Alladzi Huwa Haqqullah 'Alal' Abid. The books written with the term monotheism only discuss matters relating to monotheism with all three kinds, which are part of the study of faith. So that the book of faith is more comprehensive (syumul). In addition to discussing the problem of monotheism, the book of the Aqeedah also discusses other matters such as the faith and the pillars, Islam and the pillars, things that are ghoib, the rules of the rules in a definite creed agreed by the scholars, wala and baro, rebuttal to the heretical sect etc.

As Shariah

In general, the creed is like the sunnah, sometimes it is intended all that is prescribed by Allah to his servants in the form of legal laws delivered by the prophets. Sometimes it is meant only a matter of faith, and sometimes it is meant only the issue of amaliyah fiqhiyah. Even in the Qur'an the meaning of Shari'ah is different, sometimes the Shari'a means all the teachings brought by the prophets18, sometimes the teachings of each prophet differ from one prophet to another, and sometimes it is specific to the equality of the preaching of all the prophets namely monotheism.

As for specifically the meaning of Shari'ah is the creed that is believed by ahlu sunnah wal Jama'ah. And this is what is meant by the scholars when writing the book of faith in the name As Sharia. Among the scholars who use this term is Imam Al Ajurri (360 H) in his book As Shari'ah and Ibn Bathoh (387 H) in his book Al Ibaanah ‘Alaa Syarii’ati Firqotun Naajiyah.

Usul Din Din

Ashlu or principal is what is built on it. So Usul Al-Din is something that religion is built on. And the religion of Islam is built on true creed. So the scholars use this term to mean the science of faith. And this is what we know in the colleges in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia, especially faculties that concentrate on discussing the creed is the Usul al-Din faculty. Among the scholars who use this term is Abu Hasan Al Asy'ari (324 H) in his book Al Ibanah ‘An Ushulid Diyanah, and Ibn Bathoh (387 H) in his book Asy Syarhu wal Ibanag‘ An Ushulis sunnah Wad Diyanah.

Wallahu ‘Alam.

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